The more risk factors and first signs you have, the more you are at risk for this silent epidemic condition that affects children and older adults, people of all ethnic backgrounds, men as well as women. Learning about and prevention of its devastating and sometimes life-threatening consequences is of paramount importance. It is also much less painful and expensive than the effects of vertebral compression or hip fracture.
Medications: Corticosteroids (cortisone and prednisone), Anticonvulsants such as Dilantin or Phenobarbital, Thyroid medication, Diuretics, Antacids containing aluminum, Methotrexate (cancer drug), Heparin, Coumadin, Cyclosporine releasing hormones e.g., Lupron and Zoladex (used for treatment of endometriosis), Anti-rejection medications, Tamoxifen (pre-menopausal use), Thiazolidinediones such as Actos and Avandia, Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (e.g., Lexapro, Prozac, Zoloft), Proton Pump Inhibitors (Nexium, Prevacid, Prilosec), Lithium, Depo-Provera, Aromatase Inhibitors such as Arimidex, Aromasin, and Femeral.
Diseases: AIDs/HIV, ankylosing spondylitis, blood and bone marrow disorders, depression, gastrectomy, gastrointestinal bypass procedures, hyperparathyroidism, inflammatory bowel disease, chronic kidney disease, thyroid disease, congenital disorders, diabetes, COPD, cancer, seizures, chronic inflammations, neurological disorders, TB, rheumatoid arthritis, malabsorption disorder, mental Illness, cushing's disease, burns, liver disease, eating disorders, lupus, lymphoma, leukemia, multiple myeloma, multiple sclerosis, organ transplants, parkinson's disease, polio and post-polio syndrome, scoliosis, spinal cord injuries, stroke, thalassemia, thyrotoxicosis, and weight loss.